Understanding Smart Card Lingo

Smart cards have revolutionized the way that many people function from day to day. As the use of smart cards grows more prominent in other parts of the world, there’s a lot of lingo to understand. Consider these smart card abbreviations, and what they mean, so you can better navigate the smart card system.

AES: Advanced Encryption Standard
AFC: Automatic Fare Collection system
API: Application Programming Interface

BCD: Binary-Coded Decimal

CA: Certificate Authority
CAC: Common Access Card
CC: Common Criteria
CFMS: Contactless Fare Media System
CHUID: Card Holder Unique Identifier
CHV: Card Holder Verification
CMS: Card Management System
COS: Card Operating System
CRL: Certificate Revocation List
CVC: Card Verification Code
CVV: Card Verification Value

DAC: Discretionary Access Control
DDA: Dynamic Data Authentication
DES: Data Encryption Standard
DF: Dedicated File
DPA: Differential Power Analysis
DSA: Digital Signature Algorithm

EAL: Evaluation Assurance Level
ECC: Elliptic Curve Cryptography
EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EMV: Europay Mastercard Visa
ESF: Emergency Support Function
ESSO: Enterprise Single Sign-On
EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

FIPS: Federal Information Processing Standard
FRAC: First Responder Authentication Credential
FRAM: Ferroelectric Random Access Memory

IAM: Identity and Access Management
ICC: Integrated Circuit Card
IDMS: Identity Management System
IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission
ISO: International Organization for Standardization

MAC: Mandatory Access Control
MAC: Message Authentication Code
MCU: Microcontroller
MNO: Mobile Network Operator
MRTD: Machine Readable Travel Documents

NFC: Near Field Communication
NIPP: National Infrastructure Protection Plan
NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology

OCSP: Online Certificate Status Protocol
OPT: One-Time Password

PACS: Physical Access Control System
PAIIWG: Physical Access Interagency Interoperability Working Group
PC/SC: Personal Computer/Smart Card
PII: Personally Identifiable Information
PIN: Personal Identification Number
PIV Card: Personal Identity Verification Card
PKI: Public Key Infrastructure

RAM: Random Access Memory
RBAC: Role-Based Access Control
RFID: Radio Frequency Identification
ROM: Read-Only Memory

SDA: Static Data Authentication
SHA: Secure Hash Algorithm
SIM: Subscriber Identity Module
S/MIME: Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
SPA: Simple Power Analysis
SSL: Secure Socket Layer

TSM: Trusted Service Manager
TWIC: Transportation Worker Identification Credential

USB: Universal Serial Bus

WAM: Web Access Management

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